Warming up

The warm-up is prepared for physical exertion or performance by exercising or practicing gently before. The warm-up is done before a performance or practice. Athletes, singers, actors and others warm up before stressing their muscles. He prepares the muscles for vigorous actions.

A warm-up usually consists of a gradual increase in the intensity of physical activity (a “pulse lift”), an exercise in joint mobility and stretching, followed by activity. For example, before running or playing an intense sport, the athlete can jog to warm up his muscles and increase his heart rate. It is important that the warm-ups are activity-specific, so that the muscles to be used are activated. The risks and benefits of combining stretching and warm-up are debatable, although it is generally thought that warm-up prepares the athlete both mentally and physically. In a meta-study of 32 high-quality studies, about 4/5 of the studies showed improvements in performance. Warm-up programs can improve the strength of the knee muscle, which in turn can reduce injuries. A complete warm-up program did not significantly reduce injuries in football compared to a control group.

Stretching is part of some warm-up routines, although one study in 2013 indicates that it is weakening muscles in this situation. There are 3 types of stretching: ballistic stretching, dynamic and static stretching:

In Germany, Switzerland and Austria, they use this name in a second context: psychologists and similar professionals work with “warm-ups” in therapeutic or learning sessions before or after a break; These warm-ups are various interaction games, role playing, moving around the classroom and so on.

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