While there are many historical and modern schools of Taoism, it is safe to say that they are very important to their physical, mental and spiritual health. in the food is concerned.
Some early Taoist diets called for bigu (), based on the belief that immortality could be achieved in this way. The ancient Taoist texts of the Taiping Jing suggest that those who would have attained the state of the world would not need to be absorbed by the cosmic qi.
The Chinese word for food or dishes, cai () original means green vegetables. The invention of the vegetarian food tofu was credit to a Taoist. Taoist religious orders and literatures often encourage practitioners to be vegetarian to minimize harms, because all life forms are considered sentient. Taoist levels of dietary restriction, however, are varied.