Germination is the practice of sprouting seeds to be consumed raw or cooked. Germs can be sprouted at home or produced industrially. They are an important ingredient of raw food and are common in East Asian cuisine. Germination, like cooking, reduces anti-nutritional compounds in raw legumes. Raw lentils, for example, contain lectins, anti-nutritional proteins that can be reduced by germination or cooking. Germination is also applied on a large scale to barley as part of the malting process. A disadvantage of consuming raw sprouts is that the seed germination process may also be conducive to harmful bacterial growth. Soy sprouts are a common ingredient throughout the world. They are particularly common in East Asian cuisine. There are two types of bean sprouts:
All viable seeds can be sprouted, but some sprouts should not be eaten raw. The most common food sprouts include: In the case of rice, the paddy husk is removed before germination. Brown rice is widely used for germination (GBR – Sprouted Rice) in Japan and other countries. All solanaceous (tomato, potato, paprika, aubergine or aubergine) and rhubarb germs can not be consumed as sprouts, cooked or raw, as they can be toxic. Some germs can be cooked to eliminate the toxin, while others can not. With all seeds, care must be taken that they are intended for germination or human consumption rather than sowing them. Seed for sowing may be treated with chemical dressings. Several countries, such as New Zealand, also require that certain varieties of imported edible seeds be heat-treated, making them impossible to germinate. Quinoa in its natural state is very easy to germinate, but when it is polished or pre-cleaned with its saponin coating (becoming whiter), it loses its power to germinate.
The germination process takes a few days and can be done at home manually, as a semi-automated process, or industrially on a large scale for commercial use. Typically, the seeds are first rinsed to remove soil, dirt and mucilaginous substances produced by certain seeds when they come in contact with water. Then they are soaked for 20 minutes to 12 hours, depending on the type and size of the seed. Soaking increases the water content in the seeds and fate of the quiescence. After draining and then rinsing the seeds at regular intervals, they germinate or grow. To germinate at home, the seeds are soaked (large seeds) or moistened (small), then left at room temperature () in a sprouting container. Many types of ships can be used. One type is a simple glass jar with a piece of fabric or a nylon window screen attached to its rim. “Staged” transparent plastic sprouts are commercially available, allowing several “crops” to grow simultaneously. Thanks to staggered sowing, a constant supply of young shoots can be assured. Any container used for germination should allow the water to flow, as the germs in the water will rot quickly. The seeds swell, can stick to the sides of the pot, and start sprouting in a day or two. Another germination technique is to use a drip method. The photo below shows crimson clover shoots grown on 1/8 “urethane foam mats. This is a one-way sprinkler system with micro-sprinklers providing intermittent freshwater pulsations to reduce risk of bacterial cross-contamination with Salmonella and E Germs are rinsed two to four times daily, depending on the climate and type of seed, to provide moisture and prevent grease, each seed having its own time of germination ideal five days, the shoots will have grown in length and will be suitable for consumption, if left for longer, they will begin to develop leaves and will be called “young shoots.” Used as necessary to slow or stop the process The common causes for cabbages to become inedible: A very effective way to sprout beans such as lentils or azu ki is in the colanders.To soak the beans in the water for about 8 hours then place in the colander. Wash twice a day. Sprouted beans can be eaten raw or cooked. Germination is also applied tolarge scale barley as part of the malting process. Malted barley is an important ingredient in beer and is used in large quantities. Most of the malted barley is distributed among major retailers in North America. Many varieties of nuts, such as almonds and peanuts, can also be initiated in their growing cycle by dipping and sprouting, although sprouts are usually very small when eaten, they are usually called “dipping”.