A skipping rope (British English) or jump rope (American English) is a tool used in the sport of jump rope where one or more participants jump over a rope swung so that it passes under their feet and over their heads. There are multiple subsets of jump rope including: single freestyle, single speed, pairs, three person speed (double dutch), and three person freestyle (double dutch freestyle). The events are often separated by gender and age. There are hundreds of competitive teams all around the world. There are a few major organisations that support jump rope as a sport as seen below, schools rarely have jump rope teams, and states do not sanction official events for high school or elementary school. In freestyle events, jumpers use a variety of basic and advanced techniques in a routine of one minute, which is judged by a head judge, content judges, and performance judges. In speed events, a jumper alternates their feet with the rope going around the jumper every time one of their feet hit the ground for 30 seconds, one minute, or three minutes. The jumper is judged on the number of times the right foot touches the ground in those times.
There are many techniques which can be used when skipping. These can be used individually, or combined in a series, to create a routine.
Jump with both feet slightly apart over the rope. Beginners usually master this technique first before moving onto more advanced techniques.
Use alternate feet to jump off the ground. This technique can be used to effectively double the number of jumps per minute as compared to the above technique. This step can be used for speed events.
Also known as Crossover or cross arms. Perform the basic jump whilst crossing arms in front of the body.
The rope is passed by the side of the participant’s body, without jumping it.
Perform the criss-cross whilst crossing one arm behind the back.
A high basic jump, turning the rope twice under the feet. Turning the rope three times is called a triple under. In competitions, participants may attempt quadruple (quads) and quintuple unders (quins) using the same method.
Perform the criss-cross with one arm crossing under the opposite leg from the inside.
A basic jump with one arm hooked under the adjacent leg.
Also known as Awesome Anna or swish. Alternates between a leg over and a toad without a jump in between.
Perform the toad whilst one arm crosses the adjacent leg from the outside.
A cross between the inverse toad and the toad, with both arms crossing under one leg.
The participant does a handstand, returns to their feet and turns the rope under them. A more advanced version turns the rope during the return to the ground.
A triple-under where the middle jump is a toad, and the legs are usually in a split in midair.
In competitions, participants are required to demonstrate competence using specific techniques. The selection required depend on the judging system and country in which the tournament is held.