Paleolithic diet

The Paleolithic diet, the paleo diet, the caveman diet or the stone age is a modern fashionable diet that requires the single or predominant consumption of foods presumed to have been the only food available or consumed by humans during the Paleolithic era. The digestive capabilities of anatomically modern humans, however, are different from those of Paleolithic humans, which undermines the basic principle of diet. During the Paleolithic era of 2.6 million years, the highly variable climate and the worldwide spread of human populations meant that humans were, of necessity, nutritionally adaptable. Proponents of the regime incorrectly assume that human digestion has remained essentially unchanged over time. Although there is great variability in the interpretation of the Paleo diet, the diet generally includes vegetables, fruits, nuts, roots and meat and generally excludes dairy products, cereals, sugar, pulses , salt, alcohol or coffee. The diet is based on avoiding not only processed foods, but also foods that humans began to eat after the Neolithic Revolution, when humans switched from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle to sedentary farming. . The ideas behind the scheme can be traced to Walter Voegtlin, and have been popularized in Loren Cordain’s best-selling books. Like other fad diets, the Paleo diet is promoted as a way to improve health. There is some evidence that following this diet can lead to improvements in body composition and metabolic effects over the typical Western diet or diets recommended by the National Nutrition Guidelines. There is no good evidence, however, that the diet helps with weight loss, other than through normal caloric restriction mechanisms. Following the paleo diet may result in inadequate calcium intake, and side effects may include weakness, diarrhea, and headaches.

According to Adrienne Rose Johnson, the idea that the primitive diet was superior to current eating habits dates back to the 1890s with writers such as Dr.Emmet Densmore and Dr. John Harvey Kellogg. Densmore proclaimed that “bread is the death stick,” while Kellogg supported a starchy and grain-based diet. The idea of ​​a Paleolithic diet can be traced back to a 1975 book by gastroenterologist Walter Voegtlin, who in 1985 was developed by Stanley Boyd Eaton and Melvin Konner, and popularized by Loren Cordain in his 2002 book The Paleo Diet. The terms “Caveman Diet” and “Stone Age Diet” are also used, as are the Paleo Diet, trademarked by Cordain. In 2012, the Paleolithic diet was described as one of the “latest trends” in diets, based on the popularity of diet books on this subject; in 2013, the diet was the most sought after weight loss method by Google. Like other fad diets, the paleo diet is marketed with a call to nature and a tale of conspiracy theories about how nutrition research, which does not support the supposed benefits of the Paleo diet, is controlled by an industry. malignant food. A lifestyle and a paleo ideology developed around the diet.

The diet recommends eating only foods presumed to be available to Paleolithic humans, but there is great variability in people’s understanding of what these foods were, and an ongoing accompanying debate. In the original description of the Cordain 2002 Paleo Diet, he advocated eating as much as possible of the Paleolithic people, which meant: The scientific literature generally uses the term “Paleo nutrition model”, which has been described as:

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