Nordic walking is a form of total body walk that can be appreciated by both non-athletes as a physical activity that promotes health and by athletes as a sport. The activity is carried out with specially designed walking sticks similar to ski poles.
Nordic walking (originally Finnish sauvakävely) is fitness walking with specially designed poles. While hikers, hikers and skiers used the basic concept for decades, Nordic Walking was first formally defined with the publication of “Hiihdon lajiosa” by Mauri Repo in 1979. (.) The concept of Nordic Walking has was developed on the basis of an off-season ski training activity using monoblock ski poles. For decades, hikers and hikers have used their one-piece ski poles long before trekking and Nordic walking poles have come on the scene. Snowless snow skiers have always used and still use their one-piece ski poles for walking and ski jumping. The first specially designed and marketed sticks for fitness walkers were produced by Exerstrider of the United States in 1988. The Walker Nordic sticks were produced and marketed by Exel in 1997. Exel invented and popularized the term “Nordic Walking” in 1999.
Compared to regular walking, Nordic walking (also known as pole walking) involves applying force to the poles at each stride. Nordic walkers use more of their entire body (with greater intensity) and receive non-normal fitness enhancement stimulation for the chest, latissimus dorsi muscle, triceps, biceps, shoulder , the abdominals and the spinal cord. in the heart rate at a given rate. It was estimated that Nordic walking produced up to 46% increase in energy consumption compared to walking without towers. According to the results of the research, conducted by scientists from the group of various universities *, Nordic walking and conventional walking are beneficial for the elderly. However, Nordic walking offers additional muscle strength advantages over conventional walking, which makes it able to improve aerobic capacity and muscle strength as well as other components of the functional form in a short period of time. time. The key points mentioned by the authors of the study are: Nordic walking, conventional walking and resistance training are beneficial for the elderly. • Nordic walking and conventional walking improve cardiorespiratory fitness, unlike bodybuilding. • Nordic walking provides additional benefits in upper body strength compared to conventional walking. • Nordic walking is an effective and efficient way of exercising to improve fitness in the elderly. * National Institute of Fitness and Sport in Kanoya, Kanoya, Japan; Department of Rehabilitation, Yonaha General Hospital, Kuwana, Mie, Japan; Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA; Active Aging Association, Nagoya, Japan; University of Nagoya City, Nagoya, Japan. 2013
Nordic walking poles are significantly shorter than those recommended for cross-country skiing. Nordic walking poles come in one-piece, non-adjustable shaft versions, available in varying lengths, and telescoping two or three piece twist-locking versions of adjustable length. One piece poles are generally stronger and lighter, but must be matched to the user. Telescoping poles are ‘one-size fits all’, and are more transportable. Nordic walking poles feature a range of grips and wrist-straps, or rarely, no wrist-strap at all. The straps eliminate the need to tightly grasp the grips. As with many trekking poles, Nordic walking poles come with removable rubber tips for use on hard surfaces and hardened metal tips for trails, the beach, snow and ice. Most poles are made from lightweight aluminium, carbon fiber, or composite materials. Special walking shoes are not required, although there are shoes being marketed as specifically designed for the sport.
The cadences of the arms, legs and body are, rhythmically speaking, similar to those used in normal, vigorous, walking. The range of arm movement regulates the length of the stride. Restricted arm movements will mean a natural restricted pelvic motion and stride length. The longer the pole thrust, the longer the stride and more powerful the swing of the pelvis and upper torso.