A busy walk is a relatively fast walk over the distance carrying a load. It is both a joint military exercise and a civilian activity. A crowded march is known as a forced march in the US Army. Less formally, it is a hoarse march in the Canadian Armed Forces and the US Army, a slogan in the slang of the British Army, a yelp in the slang of the Royal Marines and the slang of the Australian army. As a civilian exercise, charged walking falls into the category of “hikes”, although this includes activities that are not strong enough to be compared to busy marches. Civilian activities similar to busy marches are very popular in New Zealand, where they are organized by “tramping clubs”. In many countries, the ability to carry out heavy marches is an essential military skill, especially for infantry and special forces. Walking is particularly important in Britain, where all soldiers must perform heavy annual walk tests. In some climates, the use of laden steps is limited because they would result in high mortality rates due to heat exhaustion.
According to Vegetius, during the initial four-month training of a Roman legionnaire, charged marches were taught before the recruits manipulated a weapon; since any training would be divided by stragglers in the back or soldiers traveling at different speeds. Standards varied over time, but normally recruits had to travel 20 Roman miles (29.62 km or 18.405 miles) with 20.5 kg in five summer hours, which was known as “no regular”. (The Romans divided the time of day into twelve equal hours, according to the exact day of the year and the latitude, the duration of a “summer time” varying, so five hours of summer were not exact. but may indicate a duration of about six hours, modern hours.) They then progressed to the “fastest” or “full pace” and were required to complete 24 Roman miles (35,544 km or 22,086 modern miles) in five summer hours loaded with. The training also included forced marches of 20 to 30 miles, often followed by the construction of basic defenses for a night shift. In some cases, each member of a Roman unit walked with a sudis, to help build defenses.
In the British Army, loaded walking is considered a basic skill and is tested annually in an annual fitness test (formerly known as fitness test) carrying 15-25 kg depending on the arm (25 kg for infantry, 20 kg for artillery, armor / cavalry, and engineers / sappers, 15 kg for other weapons and services). However, infantry soldiers must also perform advanced tests, usually a first day of 20 km (12.43 miles) with three hours and a half, followed by a similar march the next day. Within each branch, more demanding units exist (such as close support, commandos and paratroopers) and have their own internal standards and tests. Special Forces also use their own tests. During the current selection process, Army recruits are usually presented as an introduction. This is because leg injuries are common during basic workout tabs. The slang term tab of the British Army has its roots in an acronym, being an abbreviation of the tactical advance to battle. The loaded marches have been particularly important in the British army since the Falklands war in 1982. Many British commanders felt that the British success in the war was linked to the ability of British soldiers to cross the difficult terrain of the Malvinas with their kit. British infantry soldiers in Afghanistan conducted four-hour patrols with average equipment, fighting with this weight if they encountered enemy fighters. There is a debate as to whether this makes them better equipped for battle or weighs them too much.
To complete the training, legionary trainees must complete the rifle, helmet and 40-minute fighter course, and a three-hour night walk with a load of. Various walks of much longer distances are also part of the training as the “Kepi” 50 km walk in full combat gear with a rifle, a helmet and a load of 30 kg and the “Raid Mars” of 120 km in Rifle, helmet and 30 kg load combat kit simulating the navigation and the raid of the various control points in 3 days. The troublemakers are madeto place extra stones in their backpacks for the duration of the steps. Also in the training of a “Corporal” there is a march of 100 km which must be completed in 24 hours. The steps loaded in the United States Army are known as Russian marches and are part of basic training of recruits. In order to obtain the expert infantry badge (an additional qualification for existing infantry personnel), candidates must perform a ruck march of less than three hours, carrying a rifle and a charge. The total charge (including the rifle) can go up to. Walking is individual rather than a team, so an individual can achieve a better time than the three hour requirement.