Fast Day was a holiday observed in the United States between 1670 and 1991. “A day of public fasting and prayer,” it was traditionally observed in the New England states. It was early in the early days of the American colonies by Royal Governors, often before the spring planting (see Rogation Days). It was observed by church attendance, fasting, and abstinence from secular activities. The earliest known day was proclaimed in Boston on September 8, 1670. Fast day had lost its significance as a religious holiday by the late 19th century. It was abolished by Massachusetts in 1894 (being replaced with Patriots ‘Day) and shortly thereafter by Maine, which also adopted Patriots’ Day. It continued in New Hampshire until 1991, signifying only the opening of the summer tourist season; 1991, and then in 1999, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day.
* Jewish fast day
* NH State government describing page “Rise and Fall of Fast Day”