Training masks

Training masks represent a new generation of performance solutions that allow users to actively work on their respiratory muscle fitness. Originally designed to simulate altitude training, the concept has not been presented in several research trials. Training in hypoxic (low oxygen) environments increases red blood cell mass and improves oxygen transport, giving athletes measurable improvement in performance when competing at sea level. The use of training masks, however, has no measurable effect on hemoglobin, hematocrit levels and oxygen transport in athletes. Although they do not alter the oxygen concentration, they add resistance to the respiratory muscles by limiting the air supply and trigger an adaptive physiological response. The muscles of the breathing, the diaphragm, the intercostals, the assistant musculature, must be trained like any other muscle to increase the resistance to fatigue and maximize the performance. Respiratory Strength Training (RMT) is a specialized training method developed specifically to condition the muscles of breathing. RMT has been shown to dramatically improve strength, speed, power and endurance in athletes. Training masks allow athletes to enhance their physical fitness of the respiratory muscles without having to confine themselves to fixed devices or special facilities. By limiting the user’s breathing, these new devices can improve cardiorespiratory fitness, leading to better sports performance.

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StreetStrider

StreetStrider is the brand name of a mobile elliptical trainer. The StreetStrider consists of a T-shaped lower chassis with two front wheels and a rear wheel containing a drive assembly, and a vertical chassis to which two reciprocating arms are attached. Two elongate platforms on each side of the lower frame are attached to the cranks as part of the drive assembly which, like the bicycle transmission systems, also includes a hub, a rotating axle and an internal drive system. hub gear that translates the rotation of the axle. the hub. The StreetStrider reader is either chain or chainless direct drive, depending on the model. The lower end of each arm lever is attached to the front end of each foot platform, which, by connecting to the rear of the rotating crank arm and the front to the swing arm lever, usually moves on an elliptical path. The device also includes a tilt mechanism for steering, as well as multiple brakes and gears. It was developed by David W. Kraus.

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Skipping rope

A skipping rope (British English) or jump rope (American English) is a tool used in the sport of jump rope where one or more participants jump over a rope swung so that it passes under their feet and over their heads. There are multiple subsets of jump rope including: single freestyle, single speed, pairs, three person speed (double dutch), and three person freestyle (double dutch freestyle). The events are often separated by gender and age. There are hundreds of competitive teams all around the world. There are a few major organisations that support jump rope as a sport as seen below, schools rarely have jump rope teams, and states do not sanction official events for high school or elementary school. In freestyle events, jumpers use a variety of basic and advanced techniques in a routine of one minute, which is judged by a head judge, content judges, and performance judges. In speed events, a jumper alternates their feet with the rope going around the jumper every time one of their feet hit the ground for 30 seconds, one minute, or three minutes. The jumper is judged on the number of times the right foot touches the ground in those times.

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No pain, no gain

No pain, no gain (or “no gain without pain”) is an exercise motto that promises greater value rewards for the price of hard and even painful work. Under this concept, competitive professionals, such as athletes and artists, are required to endure pain (physical suffering) and stress (mental / emotional suffering) to achieve professional excellence.

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Nia (fitness)

The NIA technique is a body / mind fitness program that originally meant impact-free aerobics, a health and fitness alternative that emerged in the 1980s, and has evolved to include integrative neurological practices and teachings. The Nia Technique was founded in 1983 by Debbie Rosas and Carlos AyaRosas in the San Francisco area. Nia combines martial arts, modern dance arts and yoga in a music workout.

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Phillip Mills

Phillip Mills (born February 13, 1955 in Auckland) is a former track and field athlete born in New Zealand. He is the founder and CEO of Les Mills International and one of the founders of Pure Advantage, a green business advocacy group.

Phillip Mills was born into an athletic family. His father Les, his mother Colleen and his sister Donna all represented New Zealand at the Olympic and / or Commonwealth Games in athletics. Mills competed in the 110m hurdles at the 1974 Commonwealth Games in Christchurch and the 110m and 400m hurdles at the 1978 Commonwealth Games in Edmonton, Alberta. He studied athletics at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) and graduated in philosophy in 1978.

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Long slow distance

Long slow distance (LSD) is a form of aerobic endurance training in running and cycling. Physiological adaptations to LSD training include improved cardiovascular function, improved thermoregulatory function, improved mitochondrial, increased oxidative capacity of skeletal muscle, and increased utilization of fat for fuel. Ernst van Aaken, a German physician and coach, is generally recognized as the founder of the long slow distance method of endurance training. Long slow distance training is a form of continuous training performed at a constant pace of low to moderate intensity over an extended distance or duration. The moderate training intensity of LSD is effective in improving endurance and maximum oxygen uptake in individuals who are undertrained or moderately trained. Long slow distance training is thought not to be effective when used in isolation by well-trained athletes, who in order to achieve further improvements in metabolic conditioning require higher training intensities that are not sustainable at the work durations associated with LSD.

Tim Noakes, a professor of exercise and sports science at the University of Cape Town, suggests that it was Arthur Newton who initially proposed that running longer distances at slower paces was the most effective training method for beginning runners. Noakes asserts that after this method was rediscovered in the 1960s, Joe Henderson coined the term “long slow distance”.

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Tony Little

Tony Little (born September 16, 1956) is an American television fitness personality and businessman, best known for his fitness infomercial products. Little is a certified personal trainer and identifies himself as “America’s Personal Trainer”. The Florida Times-Union, of Jacksonville, describes him as being known for his “booming-voice enthusiasm” and long blond ponytail. As noted by Success.com, Little is known for his use of the catchphrase “You can do it.”

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Jumping jack

A jumping jack (Canada & US) or star jump (UK and other Commonwealth nations), also called side-straddle hop in the US military, is a physical jumping exercise performed by jumping to a position with the legs spread wide and the hands touching overhead, sometimes in a clap, and then returning to a position with the feet together and the arms at the sides. The name origin for the jumping jack exercise has sometimes erroneously been identified as World War I U.S. General John J. “Black Jack” Pershing, who is said to have developed the exercise, but in fact the name comes from the jumping jack children’s toy, which makes similar arm swing and leg splay motions when the strings are tugged. “Star jump” refers to the person’s appearance with legs and arms spread.

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Latin Jam Workout

Latin Jam Workout is a Latin dance fitness program created by professional athlete and choreographer JP Santana. Founded in 2007 in Los Angeles, California, Latin Jam Workout combines techno and Latin music with dance and aerobics moves. It’s a fusion of Latin dance steps such as Salsa, Merengue, Raeggaeton, Cumbia, Samba, Soca, Belly-Dancing and the faster rhythms of Pop and Techno. Latin Jam Workout is taught in fitness venues, gyms, dance studios, schools and community centers by certified instructors.

Classes usually last one hour and are divided into an initial 15-minute warm-up, a basic segment and a final chill. Latin Jam classes use an exclusive musical mix. The warm-up includes hectic pop and techno rhythms to increase body temperature and heart rate, while the middle part of the class features a mix of fast and slow rhythms to combine aerobic training and resistance training.

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Jazzercise

Jazzercise is a dance fitness franchise company founded by Judi Sheppard Missett in 1969 and headquartered in Carlsbad, California. Jazzercise combines dance, strength, and resistance training with popular music for a full-body workout. The company currently has over 8,300 franchisees worldwide in 32 countries.

Judi Sheppard Missett created Jazzercise in Chicago, IL in 1969 as a student at Northwestern University. Sheppard Missett was teaching at a dance studio and noticed her classes had high dropout rates. Realizing students were attending for physical fitness and not to become highly technically proficient in dance, Shepard Missett began to hold “just for fun” classes that began with a jazz warmup. These classes were eventually renamed “Jazzercise.” [[Jazzercise#cite note-2| [2] ]]

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Gilad Janklowicz

Gilad Janklowicz (born July 27, 1954) is a fitness personality born in Israel, known for the longest running US fitness show Bodies in Motion and for his Total Body Sculpt show with Gilad. Bodies in Motion is a 30-minute aerobics program that was launched in 1983. It was the first ESPN fitness show broadcast from 1985 to 1996. More recently, it aired on Discovery Fit. and Health. Gilad also organized a game show where the participants had to guess by watching an instructor to whom Body in Motion belonged the muscles or the pack of six (after each round the competitors showed less and less body, so it became more difficult as as the game progressed). This show was called ‘Gilad’s Minds In Motion’ and it was broadcast on the History Channel 2.5 network from 1999 to 2002. “Total Body Sculpt with Gilad” is a half-hour workout. From 2004 to 2010, the series aired on FitTV until Discovery put its health and fitness channels in touch. He is currently seen on JLTV Jewish Life Television. Gilad was born in 1954 and grew up in Israel. Janklowicz has been a great athlete dedicated to fitness since high school. Gilad is also the creator of more than 30 video workout titles. Gilad has been featured in many print publications. In March 2007, Gilad was inducted into the National Fitness Hall of Fame. In September 2007, Gilad released 3 new fitness DVDs from its Total Body Sculpt series, as seen on FiTV. In January 2008, Gilad released the Gilad Express Workout.

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Interval training

Interval training is a type of training that involves a series of low- to high-intensity workouts interspersed with rest or relief periods. The high-intensity periods are typically at or close to anaerobic exercise, while the recovery periods involve activity of lower intensity. Varying the intensity of effort exercises the heart muscle, providing a cardiovascular workout, improving aerobic capacity and permitting the person to exercise for longer and/or at more intense levels. Interval training can refer to the organization of any cardiovascular workout (e.g., cycling, running, rowing). It is prominent in training routines for many sports, but is particularly employed by runners.

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International Pole Dance Fitness Association

The International Pole Dance Fitness Association (IPDFA) promotes pole dancing as a form of fitness exercise. The organisation acts as a supervisory body for the sport and annually organizes the International Pole Championship (IPC). It has a database of pole dancing studios and instructors around the world and also trains/accredits instructors. The organization was founded by Ania Przeplasko (pronounced pshe plaz ko) in 2007. At the time, pole dancing was gaining popularity as a fitness program worldwide, yet was not taken seriously as a recognized sport. This is partially because there was no international body that gave structure to the sport. IPDFA was created to organize the sport on an international level in both men’s and women’s divisions.

Membership is free, but to be an IPDFA member studio, instructors have to be First Aid and CPR-certified. They must submit videos of their classes so that IPFDA evaluators can review the instructors’ technical level and their teaching ability. Only IPDFA-certified instructors automatically qualify to be members. Member instructors are also given the opportunity to conduct workshops in member studios worldwide.

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High-intensity interval training

High-intensity interval training (HIIT), also called high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) or sprint interval training (SIT), is a form of interval training, a cardiovascular exercise strategy alternating short periods of intense anaerobic exercise with less intense recovery periods, until too exhausted to continue. Though there is no universal HIIT session duration, these intense workouts typically last under 30 minutes, with times varying based on a participant’s current fitness level. HIIT workouts provide improved athletic capacity and condition as well as improved glucose metabolism. Compared with other regimens, HIIT may not be as effective for treating hyperlipidemia and obesity, or improving muscle and bone mass. However, research has shown that HIIT regimens produced significant reductions in the fat mass of the whole-body. Some researchers also note that HIIT requires “an extremely high level of subject motivation” and question whether the general population could safely or practically tolerate the extreme nature of the exercise regimen.

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Gospel Aerobics

Gospel Aerobics is a form of rhythmic aerobic exercise that uses gospel music, spiritual encouragement and motivation during the routine. The term ‘Gospel Aerobics’ and the specific concept are both designed by Hope Mason, based in Maryland, who was joined by her husband Marc Mason to make the production of the show ‘Gospel Aerobics’ a reality. The concept included the phrase “Aerobic Gospel – Adoring God with the Entire Man: Spirit, Soul and Body”, in order to affect the whole man. In 1996, public access to the now defunct Baltimore Cable Access Corporation (BCAC) in Baltimore City provided training on the Coppin State campus to those aspiring to produce television programs in the area. In 1996, the television program “Gospel Aerobics” was produced by the couple, who then won an award in 1997 for the pioneering effort that was broadcast on the BCAC for one season. It was the first of its kind. Now, aerobics gospel classes are now offered across the United States (https://www.hhs.gov/secretary/about/speeches/sp20110607.html) and abroad by licensed instructors in churches, video productions, local TV shows and fitness centers.

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Fartlek

Fartlek, which means “speed play” in Swedish, is a training method that blends continuous training with interval training. Fartlek runs are a very simple form of a long distance run. Fartlek training “is simply defined as periods of fast running intermixed with periods of slower running.” For some people, this could be a mix of jogging and sprinting, but for beginners it could be walking with jogging sections added in when possible. A simple example of what a runner would do during a fartlek run is “sprint all out from one light pole to the next, jog to the corner, give a medium effort for a couple of blocks, jog between four light poles and sprint to a stop sign, and so on, for a set total time or distance.” The variable intensity and continuous nature of the exercise places stress on both the aerobic and anaerobic systems. It differs from traditional interval training in that it is unstructured; intensity and/or speed varies, as the athlete wishes. Fartlek training is generally associated with running, but can include almost any kind of exercise.

Swedish coach Gösta Holmér developed fartlek in 1937, and, since then, many physiologists have adopted it. It was designed for the downtrodden Swedish cross country running teams that had been beaten throughout the 1920s by Paavo Nurmi and the Finns. Holmér’s plan used a faster-than-race pace and concentrated on both speed and endurance training.

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Double Dutch (jump rope)

Double Dutch is a game in which two long jump ropes turning in opposite directions are jumped by one or more players jumping simultaneously. It is popular worldwide. Competitions in double Dutch range from block parties to the world level. During the spring of 2009, double Dutch became a varsity sport in New York City public high schools. It has been fancifully debated whether double Dutch came over with the first Dutch settlers or appeared in the first half of the 1900s.

Playing double Dutch involves at least three people: one or more jumping, and two turning the ropes. A jumper usually performs tricks that may involve gymnastics or breakdance, and may also incorporate fancy foot movements.

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Aerobics Oz Style

Aerobics Oz Style is an Australian television series of aerobic exercise, aired in Australia on weekends, then on Network Ten at 6:00 am and 6:30 am and distributed in many other countries. It was canceled by Channel Ten at the end of 2005. AOS continues to be broadcast on Australian television via AURORA Channel 183 – on Foxtel Digital, Optus and Austar platforms – which broadcasts Aerobics Oz Style every day. 06:30 and 14:00 AEST. In Europe Aerobics Oz Style is broadcast daily (weekends included) on Sky Sports 1 or Sky Sports 2 at 6:00 (GMT) and it is repeated daily on Sky Sports 3 or Sky Sports 4 at 11:30 and 16:30. In 2011, Sky Sports began broadcasting additional shows of the show. The program is now broadcast in the early hours of the morning, from 00:30 (GMT). The series began in 1982 and continued until 2005, with more than 4,500 episodes produced by the production company Zero1Zero (now Silk Studios). The format remained constant throughout his race. Each broadcast lasted 30 minutes divided into four segments, one of warming exercises, two main exercise segments and a stretching / cooling segment. An instructor leads the exercises, with four demonstrators on the side and behind. Subsequent exhibitions were shot outside in scenic locations around Sydney, in previous shows an indoor studio was used. Each show had an exercise theme. The main pillars since its creation included high and low legs, abdominals and tonic muscles. Other themes later included kick-boxing, low impact with a mix of Latin dance and pilates. Older styles included light weights and dynabands.

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Lactate threshold

Lactate inflection point (LIP), is the exercise intensity at which the blood concentration of lactate and/or lactic acid begins to exponentially increase. It is often expressed as 85% of maximum heart rate or 75% of maximum oxygen intake. When exercising at or below the LT, any lactate produced by the muscles is removed by the body without it building up. The onset of blood lactate accumulation (OBLA) is often confused with the lactate threshold. With a higher exercise intensity the lactate production exceeds at a rate which it cannot be broken down, the blood lactate concentration will show an increase equal to 4.0mM; it then accumulates at the muscle and then moves to the bloodstream. Regular endurance exercise leads to adaptations in skeletal muscle which prevent lactate levels from rising. This is mediated via activation of PGC-1α which alters the isoenzyme composition of the LDH complex and decreases the activity of the lactate generating enzyme LDHA, while increasing the activity of the lactate metabolizing enzyme LDHB.

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Aerobic conditioning

Aerobic conditioning is a process in which the heart and lungs are trained to pump blood more efficiently, which allows more oxygen to be delivered to the muscles and organs. Aerobic conditioning is the use of continuous and rhythmic movements of large muscle groups to strengthen the heart and lungs (cardiovascular system). Improved aerobic fitness occurs when an athlete is exposed to increased oxygen uptake and metabolism, but to maintain this level of aerobic fitness, the athlete must maintain or increase their training gradually to increase their aerobic fitness. its aerobic conditioning. The aerobic condition is usually reached by cardiovascular exercises such as running, swimming, aerobics, etc. A stronger heart does not pump more blood by beating faster but beating more effectively. Trained endurance athletes can have heart rates at rest as low as the 28 beats per minute reported in people like Miguel Indurain or 32 beats per minute of Lance Armstrong, both professional cyclists at the highest level.

Aerobic conditioning causes the heart to be more efficient at pumping blood around the body, it does so in many ways:

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Aerial twist

An aerial twist is an acrobatic rocker that incorporates a 180 ° rotation during the peak of the flip height. Gymnasts normally perform twisting with the legs together for faster rotation and a more aesthetic performance. Tricksters normally perform torsion with their legs apart; mainly for the style. Many martial arts tricksters first learn this movement tend to start more like a butterfly twist than an antenna. In the deception community, this movement can be done from a current start, a hop jump, standing, or another round in a combo.

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Aerobic exercise

L’exercice aérobique (aussi appelé cardio) est un exercice physique d’intensité faible à élevée qui dépend principalement du processus de génération d’énergie aérobie. Aérobie signifie littéralement «se rapportant à, impliquant ou exigeant de l’oxygène libre» et se réfère à l’utilisation de l’oxygène pour répondre adéquatement aux demandes d’énergie pendant l’exercice par le biais du métabolisme aérobie. En général, les activités d’intensité légère à modérée qui sont suffisamment soutenues par le métabolisme aérobie peuvent être effectuées pendant de longues périodes. Lorsqu’ils sont pratiqués de cette manière, les exercices cardio-vasculaires / aérobiques sont des courses / jogging de moyenne à longue distance, la natation, le vélo et la marche, selon les premières recherches approfondies sur l’exercice aérobique menées dans les années 1960 sur plus de 5 000 membres de l’US Air Force. Dr. Kenneth H. Cooper.

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Aerobics

Aerobics is a form of physical exercise that combines rhythmic aerobic exercise with stretching and strength training routines with the goal of improving all elements of fitness (flexibility, muscular strength, and cardio-vascular fitness). It is usually performed to music and may be practiced in a group setting led by an instructor (fitness professional), although it can be done solo and without musical accompaniment. With the goal of preventing illness and promoting physical fitness, practitioners perform various routines comprising a number of different dance-like exercises. Formal aerobics classes are divided into different levels of intensity and complexity. A well-balanced aerobics class will have five components: warm-up (5–10 minutes), cardio vascular conditioning (25–30 minutes), muscular strength and conditioning (10–15 minutes), cool-down (5–8 minutes) and stretching and flexibility (5–8 minutes). Aerobics classes may allow participants to select their level of participation according to their fitness level. Many gyms offer a variety of aerobic classes. Each class is designed for a certain level of experience and taught by a certified instructor with a specialty area related to their particular class.

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