Overeaters Anonymous

OA defines compulsions as “any impulse or feeling of being irresistibly driven towards the performance of some irrational action.” OA further defines compulsive overeating as a progressive, addictive illness. OA compulsive overeating as a chronic condition and part of an attempt to alleviate psychological stress. Like other twelve-step programs, OA is a three-dimensional, three-dimensional illness, symbolically understanding human structure as having three dimensions: physical, mental and spiritual. Compulsive eating manifests itself in each dimension. A book describing itself based on OA methods states that the mental dimension is a compulsive eater is not “eating down” feelings, but rather expressing an “inner hunger.” To help potential members, OA provides a questionnaire, asking questions such as, “Do you give too much time and thought to food?” Answering “yes” to three or more of these questions is considered to be a good indication of the problem. Read More…

Weight loss coaching

Weight loss coaching is the use of personal coaching techniques. The aim is to establish the causes of over-eating, and to put the responsibility for eating behaviors firmly in the individual’s court. Based on the relationship between weight and attitude and the mind body relationship, coaching is an holistic approach. Weight loss coaching borrowed techniques from NLP and psychology, among other disciplines and there are many known coaches in this area. Each coach has their own particular blend of techniques based on a core set of practices. Read More…

Exercise

Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness. It is performed for various reasons, including increasing growth and development, preventing aging, strengthening muscles and the cardiovascular system, honing athletic skills, weight loss and maintenance, and also for enjoyment. Many individuals choose to exercise publicly where they can congregate in groups, socialize, and enhance well-being.

Physical exercises in the group of three types, depending on the size of the body: Sometimes the terms ‘dynamic’ and ‘static’ are used. ‘Dynamic’ exercises such as steady running, tend to produce a lowering of the diastolic blood pressure during exercise, due to the improved blood flow. Conversely, static exercise (such as weight-lifting) can cause the systolic pressure to rise significantly (during the exercise). Read More…

Phentermine

Phentermine (contracted from phenyl ester tiary-butyla mine), also known as α, α-dimethylphenethylamine, is a psychostimulant drug of the substituted amphetamine chemical class, with pharmacology similar to amphetamine. It is used medically as an appetite suppressant for short term use, as an adjunct to exercise and reducing calorie intake. Phentermine may produce cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and CNS side effects; Rare cases of pulmonary hypertension and cardiac valvular disease have been reported. It should not be used by people who have a history of drug abuse, have cardiovascular disease, hyperthyroidism, glaucoma, or are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breast-feeding. It should not be taken by anyone taking a monoamine oxidase inhibitor. Drinking alcohol while using phentermine may cause adverse effects. It was first introduced in 1959, and became part of the drug combination fen-phen that was withdrawn from the market in 1997 due to the fenfluramine component damaging people’s heart valves. In 2012 a different combination drug, phentermine / topiramate was approved in the US.Different formulations of phentermine as a single agent are available under various brand names, in many countries. Read More…

Obesity medicine

Obesity medicine is a field of medicine dedicated to the comprehensive treatment of patients with obesity. Obesity medicine is a multi-factorial etiology of obesity in which behavior, development, environment, epigenetic, genetic, nutrition, physiology, and psychosocial contributors all play a role. As time progresses, we become more knowledgeable about the complexity of obesity, and we have ascertained that there is a certain skill set and knowledge that is required to treat this patient population. In the field of microbiota diversity, regulation of food intake and energy balance through enteroendocrine and neuroregulation, and adipokine physiology. Obesity medicine physicians should be skilled in using methods (behavior modification, pharmacotherapy, and surgery) to treat obesity. No two people with obesity are alike, and it is important to approach each patient as an individual to determine which factors contribute to their obesity in order to effectively treat each patient. Read More…

Non-surgical liposuction

Non-surgical liposuction techniques use laser energy, radiofrequency, ultrasound or cold (cryolipolysis) to reduce fat. Devices are applied directly to the skin of the treatment area and do not use injections (as in injection lipolysis) or incisions (as in laser assisted liposuction). Although fat loss is more subtle with non-surgical lipolysis techniques compared to surgical liposuction, non-surgical lipolysis techniques have several advantages including reduced risk, reduced cost, and reduced healing time. Laser, radiofrequency, and ultrasound techniques provide additional advantages of tissue tightening. Because laser lipolysis, cryolipolysis or body contouring are preferred to non-surgical liposuction. Read More…

National Weight Control Registry

The National Weight Control Registry (NWCR) is a research study that includes people (18 years or older) who have lost at least 13.6 kg (30 lbs) of weight and kept it off for at least one year. There are currently over 10,000 members enrolled in the study, making it perhaps the largest study ever. Members complete annual questionnaires about their current weight, diet and exercise habits, and behavioral strategies for weight loss maintenance. The National Weight Control Registry is coordinated through the Miriam Hospital’s “Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center” in Providence, Rhode Island. It was founded by Dr. Rena Wing at Brown University and Dr. James Hill at the University of Colorado. Read More…

Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine (contracted from ‘N-methylamphetamine’) is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that is predominantly used as a recreational drug and a common treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and obesity. Methamphetamine was discovered in 1893 and exists as two enantiomers: levo-methamphetamine and dextro-methamphetamine. Methamphetamine is a reference to a specific chemical, which is an equal mixture of levomethamphetamine and dextromethamphetamine in their pure amine forms. It is one of the most commonly used substances in the human body, and one of the most common causes of sexual abuse, among other concerns, is the replacement of drugs with comparable treatment efficacy. Dextromethamphetamine is a much stronger CNS stimulant than levomethamphetamine. Both methamphetamine and dextromethamphetamine are illicitly trafficked and sold to their potential for recreational use. Read More…

Liposuction

Liposuction, or simply lipo, is a type of cosmetic surgery that removes fat from the human body in an attempt to change its shape. Evidence does not appear to affect the effects of the disease. In the United States it is the most commonly done cosmetic surgery. Serious complications include deep vein thrombosis, organ perforation, bleeding, and infection. Death occurs in about one per ten thousand cases. The procedure can be performed under general, regional, or local anesthesia. It then involves using a cannula and a negative pressure to suck out fat. It is believed to work best with a normal weight and good skin elasticity. While the suctioned fat cells are permanently gone, after a few months overall body fat return to the same level as before treatment. This is despite the previous diet and exercise regimen. While the fat returned to the area, most of the abdominal area. Visceral fat – the fat surrounding the internal organs – increased, and this condition has been linked to life – shortening diseases such as diabetes, stroke, and heart attack. Read More…

Weight loss camp

A fat camp, weight loss camp, or fat farm is a type of residential program where people are overweight or obese. The goal of the camps is to enhance the health of the campers, help them lose weight, increase their self-confidence and self-image, and teach them healthy life skills and choices. These camps provide weight-loss results of two to five pounds per week on average. However, the more overweight the camper, the more they generally lose in these programs. The effectiveness of these summer camps varies widely and usually depends on the quality of the individual program and the biochemistry of the attending campers. Adolescents have joined the world with many years of self-confidence and satisfaction along the way. Newer programs not only focus on weight loss, CBT (CBT) also aims to improve the behavior of self-regulatory behavior and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). Most experts believe these are key elements of an effective program. Read More…

Cryolipolysis

Cryolipolysis is a non-invasive body contouring treatment used to reduce fat cell volume by freezing. The method involves controlled application of the temperature range of +5 to -11 ° C for the non-invasive, localized reduction of fat deposits, intending to reshape the contours of the body. The degree of exposure to cooling causes the death of subcutaneous fat tissue, without apparent damage to the overlying skin. The method has a low rate of complications, and is estimated to be safe and effective for certain body sites. As a medical procedure, cryolipolysis is a nonsurgical alternative to liposuction. Etymologically, the term cryolipolysis (freezing of fat) is derived from the Greek roots cryo, meaning cold; lipo, meaning fat; and lysis, meaning dissolution or loosening. Cryolipolysis is used in aesthetic clinics and spas with the technology used exclusively in CoolSculpting branded devices. Zeltiq, purchased by Allergan in 2017, is the exclusive licensee to the patents relating to cryolipolysis that are owned by Massachusetts General Hospital. Read More…

Aspiration therapy

Suction therapy is a bariatric approach to siphon ingested food from the stomach via an implanted tube and port to the outside of the body to be discarded. AspireAssist, Washington, DC, United States. The device has also been terminated with a reverse feeding tube. It was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on June 14, 2016. AspireAssist is made by Aspire Bariatrics. It is inserted in an outpatient setting using an endoscope during an about 15 minutes procedure. With 20 to 30 minutes after a meal. Read More…

Amphetamine

Amphetamine (contracted from lphamethyl and ethylamine) is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that is used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), narcolepsy, and obesity. Amphetamine was discovered in 1887 and exists as two enantiomers: levoamphetamine and dextroamphetamine. Amphetamine properly refers to a specific chemical, <! REFS: -> the racemic free base, <! – REFS: -> which is equal parts of the two enantiomers, levoamphetamine and dextroamphetamine, in their pure amine forms. The term is frequently used in combination with enantiomers, or to be used alone. <! – REFS: -> Historically, it has been used to treat nasal congestion and depression. Amphetamine is also used as an athletic performance enhancer and cognitive enhancer, and recreationally as an aphrodisiac and euphoriant. Read More…

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